VALIUM




BRAND NAMES
BENZODIAZEPINES
Alprazolam, Bromazepam, Chlordiazepoxide,
Clonazepam, Clorazepate, Diazepam, Estazolam,
Flurazepam, Halazepam, Ketazolam, Lorazepam,
Midazolam, Nitrazepam, Oxazepam, Prazepam,
Quazepam, Temazepam,

Alprazolam Intensol, Apo-Alpraz,
Apo-Chlordlazepoxide, Apo-Clorazepate,
Apo-Oiazepam, Apo-Flurazepam, Apo-Lorazepam,
Apo-Oxazepam, Ativan, Centrax, Clindex, Clinoxide, Dalmane, Diastat, Diazemuls,
Diazepam Intensol, Doral, Klonopin, Lectopam,
Librax, Libritabs, Librium, Udoxide, Limbitrol DS,
Lipoxide, Lottran, Lorazepam Intensol,
Medilium, Meval, Mogadon, Niravam,
Niravam Orally Disintegrating Tablets',
Novo-Alprazol, Novoclopate, Novodipam,
Novoflupam, Novolorazem, Novopoxide,
Novoxapam, Nu-Alpraz, Nu-Loraz, Paxipam,
PMS Diazepam, ProSom, Restoril, Rivotril, Serax,
Solium, Somnol, T-Quil, Tranxene,
Tranxene T-Tab, Tranxene-SD, Valiums,
Val release, Vivol, Xanax, Xanax XR, Zapex,
Zebrax, Zetran


BASIC VALIUM INFO
Habit forming? Yes
Prescription needed? Yes
Available as generic? Yes, for most
Drug class: Tranquilizer (benzodiazepine), anticonvulsant


VALIUM MEDICAL USES
Treatment for anxiety disorders and panic.


MEDICAL DOSAGE & VALIUM USAGE
How to take Valium:  

-Tablet or capsule: Swallow Valium with liquid. If you can't swallow whole, crumble Valium tablet or open capsule and take with liquid or a bite of food.

- Extended-release capsule: Swallow Valium capsule whole. Do not open or chew Valium

- Oral suspension: Dilute dose in water, soda or soda like beverage or small amount of food such as applesauce or pudding.

- Sublingual tablet-do not chew or swallow. Place Valium under tongue until dissolved.

- Disintegrating tablet: Let dissolve on tongue.

- Rectal gel: Follow instructions provided with prescription or as directed by the doctor.


When to take VALIUM:

- At the same time each day, according to instructions on prescription label.


If you forget a VALIUM dose:

- Take Valium as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next dose, wait for that dose (don't double this dose) and resume regular schedule.


What VALIUM does:

- Affects limbic system of brain, the part that controls emotions.


Time lapse before drug works:

- May take 6 weeks for full benefit; depends on drug when treating anxiety.


Don't take VALIUM with:

- Any other medicine or any dietary supplement without consulting your doctor or pharmacist.


VALIUM OVERDOSE
SYMPTOMS: Drowsiness, weakness, tremor, stupor, coma.
VALIUM SIDE EFFECTS

Life-threatening
VALIUM Side Effects:

Rare allergic reaction- may have hives, rash, itching, swelling, trouble breathing, wheezing, chest pain, dizziness, faintness.

Common VALIUM Side Effects:

Clumsiness, Unsteadiness, dizziness, light-headed, drowsiness, slurred speech.

Infrequent VALIUM Side Effects:

Memory loss, anxiety, confusion, depression, fast heartbeat.  Constipation or diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, urination problems, stomach pain, headache, mouth is dry or watering, muscle spasm, changes in sexual function.

Rare VALIUM Side Effects:

Behavior changes (may be bizarre), confusion, delusions, outbursts of anger, loss of reality, infection symptoms (fever, chills), unusual tiredness or weakness, unusual bleeding or bruising, skin rash or itching, sores in mouth, body movements uncontrolled, hallucinations, yellow skin or eyes, sleep-related behaviors.
PRECAUTIONS

Don't take VALIUM if:

- You are allergic to any benzodiazepine.


Before you start VALIUM, consult your doctor If:

- You have myasthenia gravis.

- You have a history of drug or alcohol abuse, or severe depression or mental disorder.

- You have liver, kidney or lung disease.

- You have diabetes, seizure disorder, a swallowing problem (in children), or porphyria.

- You have sleep apnea.

- You have glaucoma.


Over age 60:

- Adverse reactions and side effects may be more frequent and severe than in younger persons.

- May need smaller doses for shorter period.


Pregnancy:

- Risk factors vary for drugs in this group.


Breast-feeding:

- Valium passes into milk.

- Avoid Valium or discontinue nursing until you finish medicine.

- Consult doctor for advice on maintaining milk supply.


Infants & children:

- Use Valium only under medical supervision.


Prolonged VALIUM use:

- Risk of physical or psychological dependence.


Skin & sunlight:

- One or more drugs in this group may cause rash or intensify sunburn in areas exposed to sun or ultraviolet light (photosensitivity reaction).

- Avoid overexposure and use sunscreen.

- Notify doctor if reaction occurs.


Driving, piloting or hazardous work:

- Don't drive or pilot aircraft until you learn how medicine affects you.

- Don't work around dangerous machinery.

- Don't climb ladders or work in high places.

- Danger increases if you drink alcohol or take medicine affecting alertness and reflexes.


Discontinuing VALIUM:  

- Don't discontinue Valium without consulting doctor.

- Adverse effects can occur (may be life-threatening) if Valium has been taken for longer periods.

- Dose may require gradual reduction. Doses of other drugs may also require adjustment.

- If Valium withdrawal symptoms (emotional or physical) occur after stopping the drug, call doctor.


Others:

- Don't use Valium for insomnia more than 4-7 days.

- Hot weather, heavy exercise and sweating may increase risk of heat stroke.

- Advise any doctor or dentist whom you consult that you take this drug.




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