Buprenorphine, Codeine, Codeine & Terpinhydrate, Dihydrocodeine, Fentanyl, Hydrocodone, Hydrocodone & Homatropine, Hydromorphone, Levorphanol, Meperidine,  Methadone, Morphine, Nalbuphine, Opium, Oxycodone, Oxymorphone, Pentazocine, Propoxyphene

Habit forming? Yes
Prescription needed? Yes
Available as generic? Yes
Drug class: Narcotic

Relieves pain and diarrhea; suppresses cough.

How to take OxyContin:

- Tablet, capsule or extended release tablet: Swallow OxyContin with liquid. Do not crush, crumble or open extended release forms, especially the Palladona brand (could lead to a fatal dose).

- Liquid form of morphine: Mix with fruit juice just before taking to improve taste.

- Syrup: Mix with one-half glass of water (4 oz.) before swallowing.

- Dispersible tablets: Stir OxyContin into water or fruit juice just before taking each dose.

- Liquid form: May need to be diluted with water before taking. Follow directions on label.

- Suppositories: Remove wrapper and moisten suppository with water. Gently insert into rectum, small end first.

- Nasal, transmucosal, transdermal or lozenge form: Follow prescription instructions.

- Buccal tablet: Let tablet dissolve in mouth per instructions. Do not chew or swallow whole.

When to take OxyContin:

- When needed.

- No more often than every 4 hours.

If you forget a OxyContin dose:

- Take as soon as you remember. Wait 4 hours for next dose.

What OxyContin does:

- Blocks pain messages to brain and spinal cord.

- Reduces sensitivity of brain's cough control center.

Time lapse before drug works:

- 30 minutes.

Don't take OxyContin with:

- Any other medicine or any dietary supplement without consulting your doctor or pharmacist.

SYMPTOMS: Deep sleep, slow breathing; slow pulse; respiratory arrest; flushed, warm skin; seizures; constricted pupils.


Irregular or slow heartbeat, difficult breathing, wheezing.

Common OxyContin Side Effects:

Dizziness, drowsiness, tiredness, headache, lightheadedness, nausea or vomiting, stomach cramps, overexcitement.

Infrequent OxyContin Side Effects:

Black, tarry stools; bloody or cloudy urine; painful or frequent urination; fast, slow or pounding heartbeat; hallucinations; breathing problems, wheezing; back or side pain; red dots on skin; red or flushed face; ringing or buzzing in ears; skin rash, hives or itching; sore throat; fever; face swelling; decreased urine; trembling; uncontrolled muscle movements; unusual bleeding or bruising; yellow skin or eyes. Feeling depressed,

Rare OxyContin Side Effects:

Changes in vision, constipation, dry mouth, loss of appetite, restlessness, nightmares, trouble sleeping.

Don't take OxyContin if:  
- You are allergic to any narcotic.

- Diarrhea is due to toxic effect of drugs or poisons.

Before you start, consult your doctor if:

- You have impaired liver or kidney function.
- You will have surgery within 2 months, including dental surgery, requiring general or spinal anesthesia.

- You have asthma.

Over age 60:

- More likely to be drowsy, dizzy, unsteady or constipated.

- Use only if absolutely necessary.


- Risk factors vary for drugs in this group. Consult doctor.


- Drug filters into milk. OxyContin may harm child. Avoid.

Infants & children:

- OxyContin is not recommended.

Prolonged OxyContin use:

- With high doses and long-term use, can cause psychological and physical dependence (addiction).

- May cause chronic constipation.

Skin & sunlight:

- No special problems expected.

Driving, piloting or hazardous work:

- Don't drive or pilot aircraft until you learn how medicine affects you.

- Don't work around dangerous machinery.

- Don't climb ladders or work in high places.

- Danger increases if you drink alcohol or take medicine affecting alertness and reflexes, such as antihistamines, tranquilizers, sedatives, pain medicine, narcotics and mind-altering drugs.

Discontinuing OxyContin:

- Discontinue in 2 days if symptoms don't improve.

- Report to the doctor any symptoms that develop after discontinuing, such as gooseflesh, irritability, insomnia, yawning, weakness, large eye pupils.

- If used for several weeks or more, consult doctor before discontinuing.


- Some products contain tartrazine dye. Avoid, especially if you are allergic to aspirin.

- Advise any doctor or dentist whom you consult that you take this medicine.

- Follow directions exactly for using the fentanyl skin patch to avoid an overdose that could lead to severe side effects (including death).

- Lying down after the first few doses may decrease unwanted effects of nausea, vomiting, lightheadedness or dizziness.

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